Ebola Emerging

    Recently the virus known as Ebola (EVD) has emerged once again. What exactly is the Ebola virus? Ebola is a rare but deadly virus almost exclusively found in Central and Western African countries. Roughly half of those who get Ebola virus disease (EVD) die from it. Those who survive can still experience weakness, pain, diarrhea, and unexplained bleeding. Spread by direct contact with body fluids of a person or animal who has been infected, over two dozen outbreaks have been reported, affecting over 31,000 people. No cure currently exists for EVD, but an investigational vaccine against the virus could be licensed as early as 2018.

    The 2014–2016 West Africa outbreak the largest in history  killed more than 11,000 people. As of a May a report from the World Health Organization the DRC outbreak included 51 cases and 25 deaths. This is Democratic Republic of Congo’s ninth Ebola virus outbreak since 1976 with the most recent outbreak being recorded was in 2017 just a year ago. Some scientists and doctors worry that they will give people a vaccine and they will think they are 100% immune to the Ebola virus and they will let their guard down. Which should definitely not be the case they could still get infected with the virus. Since the outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo the virus out that has raised concerns within the international community of Africa  about its potential to spread. These concerns heightened following recent reports when the Ebola virus was seen spreading to areas such as Mbandaka a city with a very large population of about 1.2 million people. Although the spreading of Ebola is occurring the World’s Health Organization has not declared it a global crisis.

    We interviewed one of the high school science teachers, Mr. Harris. Mr. Harris is not an expert by no means on the topic of the infectious disease, however, he had some pretty good and relevant information that helped us. He told us about one of the symptoms “you basically bleed out of your orifices.” He also went on to explain that since the Ebola virus is not an airborne virus he is not worried about the Ebola virus spreading to the U.S.A.. After being asked if he was concerned about Ebola spreading to places like the U.S.A. he said “Not in its current for.” Mr. Harris said he believes that one day we will be able to cure all diseases. “Especially with the gene editing technology that is out there today”.

    There are many different types of the Ebola virus. They include the following;  Ebolavirus:Ebola virus (species Zaire ebolavirus), Sudan virus (species Sudan ebolavirus), Taï Forest virus (species Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d’Ivoire ebolavirus), Bundibugyo virus (species Bundibugyo ebolavirus), Reston virus (species Reston ebolavirus), Bombali virus (species Bombali ebolavirus). Of these viruses the most common is. Of these, only four (Ebola, Sudan, Taï Forest, and Bundibugyo viruses) are known to cause disease in people. Reston virus is known to cause disease in nonhuman primates and pigs, but not in people. It is unknown if Bombali virus, which was recently identified in bats, causes disease in either animals or people. This is why people are concerned about a possibility of eating a contaminated animal such as a bat.(Science Direct)

    The various symptoms of Ebola are Fever Fatigue Headache Loss of appetite Muscle pain or weakness Sore throat Diarrhea and vomiting Abdominal pain Unexplained bleeding or bruising, such as bleeding from the gums or having blood in your stool Seizures Coma. Everyone who gets infected with the Ebola virus there symptoms could vary drastically so not everyone will become ill with the same symptoms. Even if you are infected with the Ebola virus you may feel like you are fine with no symptoms at all it all develops differently. You may have the Ebola virus for a week and not notice any symptoms and all of a sudden it strikes your whole body with many symptoms listed above. Ebola virus spreads to people through direct contact with bodily fluids of a person who is sick with or has died from the Ebola Virus. This can occur when a person touches the infected body fluids , and the virus gets in through broken skin or in the eyes, nose, or mouth. The virus can also spread to people through direct contact with the blood, body fluids and tissues of infected fruit bats or primates. People can get the virus through sexual contact as well. Many people around areas such as Africa eat exotic foods such as certain types of fish bars and primates. Eating foods such as these could be a cause in contracting the Ebola virus not knowing if a certain exotic food is contaminated with the Ebola virus. These Exotic foods to us that they eat could be a contributing factor to past outbreaks and possibly recent outbreaks. There have been a total 33 Ebola virus outbreaks since 1976, but the 2014 outbreak in West Africa was by far the most disastrous in a sense of all the people that were infected. The virus has infected thousands of people and killed more than half of them. It started in Guinea and spread to Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria.

    Currently, no Ebola vaccine has been approved for use in the United States. But an experimental vaccine, known as rVSV-ZEBOV, has been successful in preventing Ebola in humans during trials conducted in more than 16,000 volunteers around the world. The vaccine doesn’t include the Ebola virus itself. It’s made using an animal virus called vesicular stomatitis virus that has been genetically engineered to have a protein from the Zaire Ebola virus strain.Some history about the virus, Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since then, the virus has been infecting people from time to time, leading to outbreaks in several African countries. Scientists do not know exactly where the virus came from or originated but do to some similarities between viruses it is believed to be an animal borne disease.With bats being the most likely source. The bats carrying the virus can transmit it to other animals, like apes, monkeys, duikers and humans. ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

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